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How to grow ZZ Plant (Zanzibar Gem Indoors)

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ZZ plants are also known as Zanzibar jewels. They have shiny, oval-shaped, low-maintenance houseplants that grow upward. These plants can sometimes be mistaken for artificial because of their spotless, waxy leaves that are so deep green they are almost transparent. These plants are slow-growing and will not need to be repotted often. However, if you do have to plant or repot one, it should be done in the spring or during active growth. These plants are mildly toxic for animals and humans.

ZZ Plant Care

ZZ plants are known for being easy-to-care for houseplants. Even gardeners with the most difficult of thumbs can keep them alive with minimal care. They only require adequate sunlight and good watering every few weeks to thrive. Don’t be too concerned about forgetting to water your ZZ plant. These plants are drought-tolerant because they grow from rhizomes. Although it can be grown outdoors in Africa, it is best to be indoors.

ZZ plants have naturally shining leaves, but they can become duller over time due to dust accumulation. Avoid using a commercial leaf shine to clean Zanzibar gems’ leaves. It will clog their pores. To restore the plant’s shine, use a damp washcloth instead to gently remove dust and debris.

Light

ZZ plants can tolerate a variety of lighting conditions. This makes them ideal for indoor gardening. Although they can live without natural light, ZZ plants thrive in indirect, bright light. If the plants are not provided with enough light, they can become sloppy and prone to becoming brittle. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can cause damage to the leaves.

Soil

ZZ plants don’t care too much about the potting medium they use, as long as it’s well-draining. Standard potting mixtures should suffice for your plant. Mixing in perlite or soil will aid drainage.

Water

These plants can withstand drought due to their thick rhizomes. ZZ plants need to be watered after the soil has dried completely. This may vary depending on their growth conditions. If necessary, ZZ plants can live for months without water so it is best to give your plant less water than you give it. You should water your plant enough to drain the water from the bottom of the pot. Then, you can throw away any excess water.

Temperature and humidity

For Zanzibar gems, average household temperatures and humidity will be fine. ZZ plants are not able to tolerate temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Avoid placing them in areas that have drafts or other cold places. ZZ plants do not require humid conditions. However, if your home is dry, you can increase the humidity by placing a humidifier on your plant or placing it on top a water tray.

Fertilizer

ZZ plants do not need to be fertilized often in order to thrive. To ensure your ZZ plants thrive, you should fertilize them with an indoor fertilizer that is half-strength. This can be done one to two times per year.

Different types of ZZ Plants

  • Zamioculcas Zamiifolia “Raven”: A relatively new variety, which is distinguished by its dark purple maroon leaves
  • Zamioculcas Zamiifolia “Variegated”: This is a species that has green leaves that are variegated with yellow and white. If not given enough light, variegation fades.

Propagating ZZ Plant

ZZ plants can be propagated in two ways. The simplest method to multiply more plants is by division. Simply separate the rhizomes from your next pot and place them in different containers.

The process of propagating stem cuttings takes more time than that of division. You may have to wait up to nine months for new rhizomes to develop.

  1. Use a sharp, sterilized cutting tool to take a cut from a mature plant with at least two leaves.
  2. Place the stem in a container of well-draining soil.
  3. Place the container containing the cutting in a spot that gets bright, but not direct sunlight throughout the day.

Potting ZZ plants and repotting them

ZZ plants should only be repotted once they have outgrown the potting container. You can see this when the rhizomes press down against the edges of the container, or warp the container’s shape. It is a good idea, as with all houseplants to wait until spring or summer before repotting them. They will be more able to tolerate any disturbances during active growth. For your Zanzibar gem, make sure you choose a container that has drainage holes.

Common Pests

ZZ plants are almost disease-free. However, it is important to be aware of common pests like mealybugs and scale. To eliminate most pest problems, you can use an insecticidal soap.

ZZ Plants: Common Problems

One problem that may arise with Zanzibar gems is the amount of water they are actually getting. The leaves that are falling off indicate that the plant is very dry and needs water. The leaves may be yellowing or dropping simultaneously, which is usually a sign that the plant is receiving too much water. The plant is ready to receive water if the soil’s top 3 inches (roughly equal to your finger length) is dry.

  • Is it easy to care for Zanzibar’s gems?

    ZZ plants can be difficult to kill as they are tolerant of neglect and poor conditions. This makes them a great choice for beginners who want to grow indoors.

  • What is the growth rate of the zz plant?

    The plant is slow to grow. This plant also grows slowly, sometimes growing a few inches at a stretch in one season. It does produce a few new stems each year.

  • What is the maximum lifespan of a zz-plant?

    It is a durable plant that can withstand the elements. ZZ plants can also be called “heirloom plants” because they can easily be passed down from generation to generation.

ZZ plants can be difficult to kill as they are tolerant of neglect and poor conditions. This makes them a great choice for beginners who want to grow indoors.

The plant is slow to grow. This plant also grows slowly, sometimes growing a few inches at a stretch in one season. It does produce a few new stems each year.

It is a durable plant that can withstand the elements. ZZ plants can also be called “heirloom plants” because they can easily be passed down from generation to generation.

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